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RNA translation is tightly regulated to ensure proper protein expression in cells and tissues. Translation is often assayed with biochemical assays such as ribosome...

Animals make adaptive food choices to acquire nutrients that are essential for survival. In reinforcement learning (RL), animals choose by assigning values to options...

The experience of coupling between motor output and visual feedback is necessary for the development of visuomotor skills and shapes visuomotor integration in visual...

Melanocortins are peptide hormones critical for stress response, energy homeostasis, inflammation, and skin pigmentation. Their functions are mediated by five G protein-coupled receptors (MC1R...

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes 5% of all cancers and frequently integrates into host chromosomes, but the impacts of integration in tumorigenesis remain unclear. Analysis...

People often make the difficult decision to try new options (exploration) and forego immediate rewards (exploitation). Novelty-seeking is an adaptive solution to this explore-exploit...

The incorporation of extracellular matrix (ECM) elements such as adhesion motifs, growth factors and signaling molecules provides unique functionalities to biomaterials in regenerative medicine....

When foraging, animals combine internal cues and sensory input from their environment to guide sequences of behavioral actions. Drosophila larva executes crawls, turns, and...

Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) is a versatile technique to evaluate the intracellular molecular exchange called turnover. Physicochemical models of FRAP typically consider the...

The visual system performs remarkably well to perceive depth order of surfaces without stereo disparity, indicating the importance of figure-ground organization based on pictorial...