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BioMed Central

Background Observational studies have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is in relation to atrial fibrillation (AF); however, these studies might be confounded and whether the relationship is causal remains unclear. We conducted a bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) study to clarify the causal inference between OSA and AF. Methods Genetic instruments for OSA and AF were obtained...