Combination of Metformin and Gefitinib as First-Line Therapy for Nondiabetic Advanced NSCLC Patients with EGFR Mutations: A Randomized, Double-Blind Phase II Trial

Purpose: Preclinical and retrospective studies suggested a role for metformin in sensitizing patients who have diabetes with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). We therefore examined its effects in combination with gefitinib in patients without diabetes harboring EGFR mutations (EGFRm). Patients and Methods: A total of 224 patients without diabetes with…

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